Pete Hawley's artwork has always been a big hit with the readers of this blog. Its fair to say that Hawley has legions of fans all over the world who admire his distinctive, immediately appealing style. But information about the artist has always been vague and sketchy. Earlier this year I began corresponding with Hawley's granddaughter, Shelley, who has helped fill in many gaps and correct many factual errors about the legendary artist.
As well, David of the retro art website Plan59 did some serious digging a few years ago and posted old newspaper articles on his site that nail down many interesting details from Pete Hawley's younger days. So here's what we know so far...
Pete Hawley was born in Oakland, California on July 13th, 1916. He became interested in drawing early in his childhood. He graduated at age 17 from University High School with a one year scholarship to the California School of Fine Arts in San Francisco. Hawley won his scholarship in a State-wide competition of high school artists. He was chosen as "the first artist in all the high senior grades in California"
It was not his first competition win. During his high school days he had created "prize-winning posters, designed maps, candy box covers and greeting cards" ( the latter perhaps portending what would one day become a significant aspect of his long career). Also during high school, Hawley painted a mural, the “Spirit of Achievement,” depicting University High, its students and activities, which was recognized for its excellence and later displayed in an Oakland department store.
Clearly, young Pete Hawley was destined to become a big hit.
In 1937, at age 20, he moved to Chicago and began working for Kling and Associates, one of the foremost art studios in America. The Line Book, a rare early cover illustration for a poetry collection published by the Chicago Tribune may have been a freelance editorial assignment...
... but at Kling the kid from Oakland confidently handled art chores on major national advertising accounts like these pieces for Heinz soups.
Though he was just 22 years old and barely beginning his professional career, Hawley's art for the Heinz Soup ad series won him an Award of Merit from the New York Art Directors Club.
Pete Hawley's style had not yet matured, but his natural talent for depicting mischievously cute kiddies is already evident in these early examples from around 1941.
It was that distinctive Pete Hawley 'king of cute' flair that would later win him many major national advertising accounts like the long-running Gripper series (example at top) as well as his memorable "Betsy Bell" campaign for Bell Telephone.
Hawley was living at 43 East Oak St.in Chicago when the NY Art Director's Club again chose one of his latest Heinz Soup ads for inclusion in the 1942 edition of their annual...
But the war was calling and Pete Hawley hoped to serve his nation as a bomber pilot.
Unfortunately for him (and perhaps fortunately for us?) it was discovered he was red/green colour blind. Hawley was instead assigned to head up the art department at Fort Mead, Maryland. There he and the men he supervised produced posters, pamphlets and instruction manuals like these examples above and below.
For a kid in his mid-20's, Pete Hawley had already accomplished more than many of us could hope to in a lifetime... but his biggest hits were yet to come.
* Many thanks to Shelley Nugent for providing art and information you see here today - and to Shane Glines of Cartoon Retro who graciously gave me permission to utilize additional scans from his collection. Thanks also to David of Plan 59 for posting articles about pete Hawley from the Oakland Tribune on his site
* My Pete Hawley Flickr set.